rays of light. • Useful for: Cone Angle - width of the lights cone of influence - area outside cone .. Mental Ray's final gather and ambient occlusion to complete the lighting scheme. their workflow. The project for this case study was modeled and textured in Maya. . which is purportedly physically accurate, according to the manual. This is. Kynogon, LandXplorer, LocationLogic, Lustre, Matchmover, Maya, Mechanical Desktop, Moonbox, In this tutorial, you have a scene of an army compound that requires lighting . three distinct moods based on mental ray lighting techniques. see Down on the Farm, an informative online white paper in PDF format by.

Maya Mental Ray Lighting Tutorial Pdf

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About > mental ray Area Light. Lighting. 17 mental ray Area Light. Though you can render Maya's area light source with mental ray for. Maya, it can be used only . With the basic materials and lights set up in our scene, let's learn how to UV unwrap objects and tweak render Hardware , Maya Vector and mental ray renderers. . tutorial about UV texturing to add an extra layer of realism to your models!. Its a tutorial about mentalray plugin for autodesk maya. it also has tutorials for feature of mental ray – the approximation editor – that is unrelated to lighting.

Ray Tracing Ray Trace shadows Ray tracing is a method to calculate the path light travels.

It can give very accurate results and produce realistic images. The downside is the performance: these calculations are costly.

Mentalray for maya.pdf

As the name already predicts, it traces a ray from its source in a certain direction until it reaches it's destination or better: a destination , thereby determining the path of light from a light source to an object to the camera. Actually, the calculation is done in exactly the opposite way: from the camera to the object to the light.

With raytrace rendering, rays are typically cast from the camera, one for each pixel. When a ray hits the first object it meets, the ray stops. From there several possibilities may be evaluated. A ray may be shot towards a light source to determine if the spot is lit or in shadow.

Other options are rays to determine reflections reflecting objects or refractions transparent objects. Most render engines allow tweaking these different parameters, to optimize render speeds: if you're not interested in reflections, there's no need to spend costly calculations on them.

Depth map shadow Depth Map shadows, low quality Depth Map shadows, high quality Shadow Mapping , called Depth Map shadows in Maya, is a method where an image is created of what a light source would 'see' if it would be a camera. This image is then used during the render process to asses whether a part of an object is obscured by another object, i.

Reflections By default most render engines won't consider reflections of light. It's important to know there are three main types of reflections: diffuse reflections specular reflections glossy reflections Diffuse reflections are reflections of diffuse surfaces diffuse shader, such as Lambert.

Specular reflections are reflections of shiny surfaces specular shader, such as Blinn or Phong. Glossy reflections are only available in a few render engines such as Mental Ray. Diffuse reflections won't be calculated by default and some render engines are unable to render them all together. Specular Reflections will only be calculated when you enable them.

This requires Ray Tracing to see where the reflections go. How to enable them is covered in the pages on each render engine. Overview of render engines Rendering is one of the final stages of the 3D computer graphics design process.

In this stage you will transform the three dimensional model into a 2D image or movie. The specific settings and render engine you use have great influence on the final result and your way to get there.

To enable this feature. Even though we are starting to see the effect we are after i. This default value lets Maya decide what to make the radius.

Clearly this is not the value we will use for the photons in the final image — in fact the radius value is one of the settings we will be using to smooth and blend together the illumination generated by the photons.

Setting up an IBL stage with Autodesk Maya and Mental Ray

Increase the Radius to 4 and set the Accuracy to Another way to assess the pattern of photon bounces in your scene is to do it through the rendered image. Make sure to save the images you render into memory at every round of rendering to get a sense for the effect of the settings updates.

You should now see the individual photons as little spots of light along the inside of the tube. The window then provides you with options to control the display of the dots in the viewport as well as the direction photons are bouncing around. Practically speaking. The typical workflow here is to increase the Accuracy value until you can no longer tell that it makes a difference.

Make sure to set it back to 2 before proceeding. Not only does the whole scene appear brighter. This shows marked improvement in terms of removing some of the blotchiness.

Now increase the Diffuse setting from the default of 0. It is getting subtle.

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Lets increase the accuracy to and see if it makes a difference… even better. Still barely an effect — lets now leave it at Take a render.

GI can be a powerful lighting approach to add soft. However make sure that it is warranted… as you have no doubt noticed. Keep going to and rerender. Since GI photons pick-up diffuse light on objects. A common way to set this for photorealistic effects is to color pick the photon color from the light color swatch. By default. GI means significant increases in render time as well as more time to optimize the effect properly. You can test setting this to 1 and you will notice how much brighter the GI effect spread into the tube it is also overblown!

For tweaking purposes we stayed with a grey to accentuate the splotchy GI effects that are seen during optimization… with textured surfaces. You are used to changing the light color. This will automatically create a new render layer for you and automatically add all the selected geometry to it.

Ambient Occlusion Ambient occlusion is another technique that improves realism in your renders — it calculates the degree of occlusion between objects and darkens this region based on the distance between the objects. Unlike the GI process that adds light to the scene by emitting GI photons from light sources and these photons bounce around picking up color information as they go. Open the handheld.

Once you have created a new render layer with the desired objects in it and renamed it. We will begin with the latter. There are several ways to get ambient occlusion into your renders… either as part of a color pass i. It works by darkening these areas and thereby adds realism by removing light from the scene. It is also broken into pieces to facilitate applying different shaders in this exercise see the Outliner.

When you are at the compositing stage in a program like Photoshop or After Effects i. The next step is to actual connect that pass preset to your layer — select the pass and click the icon with the downwardpointing arrow between the Scene Passes and Associated Passes sections the pass moves down to the lower panel. They really make you work hard in Maya to get an ambient occlusion pass!

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Lambert advTutorial 7: Another set-up that is less common for generating a separate render pass is to add the ambient occlusion effect as part of a larger shading network that also includes other types of information such as color.

For example if you switch the dark and light color swatches in the attribute editor for this texture. The Max Distance and Spread attributes also give you more control over how the occlusion effect is calculated. Example of a scene where multiple shaders make use of the occlusion texture driving their ambient color channels. For this approach. Mentalray for maya. Its a tutorial about mentalray plugin for autodesk maya. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Jump to Page. Search inside document.

Scaled cube.

Select a few faces see image on the right such that you have 2 that are on the same side and 1 face apart and offset by 1 row the idea is to select faces that are not too far apart or the selected faces on one side one more selected on other side advTutorial 7: Documents Similar To Mentalray for maya. Nesshi S.

Nico Van Hoof. Juliano Lisboa. Dan Elliott. It'sJust AName.This leads users of all levels to what is fundamentally important to control. This default value lets Maya decide what to make the radius. Furthermore, now one can create such a light more directly. For lighting, the samples are taken from all visible lights in the scene. As stated in the Maya documentation for mental ray Render Settings, we aim to: Enable complete rendering without requirement to adjust or enable most settings.

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By default Maya comes with four different render engines: Information on common render settings can be found in Rendering. Even though we are starting to see the effect we are after i.

For this approach. We provide almost everything a user needs here within this UI.

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