Java Database Best Practices takes you through a wide variety of different ways to store and access data, enabling you to learn which. "persistence model" is. Java™ Database Best Practices. George Reese. Beijing • Cambridge • Farnham • Köln • Paris • Sebastopol • Taipei • Tokyo. Persistence Models and Techniques for Java Database ProgrammingJava Database Best Practices TMGeorge Reese Java Da.

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IELTS Writing IELTS is a multi-level exam. You get a score between 1 and 9 for each section. Half Best Practice Book for IELTS Writing IELTS Writing. When creating complex Java enterprise applications, do you spend a lot of time thumbing through a myriad of books and other resources searching for what you . between the image of a sand dollar and the topic of Java Enterprise best practices is a .. JDBC Best Practices by George Reese, author of Database Programming with JDBC serve it from /servlet/FileDownload/ fileid=5.

The physical data model for the music library Normalization When beginning the development of a data architecture for a project, you first want to capture all the entities in your problem domain and the attributes associated with those entities.

Depending on your software engineering processes, these entities may be driven by your object model or your object model may be driven by the logical ERD. Either way, you should not initially concern yourself in any way with issues like performance, scalability, or flexibility—the task is to model the problem domain properly.

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All rights reserved. This formal process is known as normalization.

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Normalization seeks to achieve the following goals: Remove redundant data A fully normalized database repeats nothing other than foreign keys. Removal of redundant data guarantees that you are storing the minimum data necessary to model your domain and protects the integrity of your data by requiring just a single point of maintenance for any piece of information.

Protect the relational model The process of normalization forces you to examine all aspects of your data model to make certain that you are not violating any of the basic principles of the relational model e.

Improve scalability and flexibility A normalized database guarantees the ability of the data model to evolve with even the most drastic of changes in the problem domain with a minimal impact on the applications it supports. As I noted earlier, normalization is a formal process. It defines very specific criteria for your data model that it breaks out into normal forms.

The normal forms establish a stringent and objective set of rules to which a data model must adhere. Each one builds on requirements of the previous, as is shown in Figure , and improves upon the overall design of the model. The six normal forms build on top of one another Before a data model can be said to be in a certain normal form, it must meet all of the requirements of that normal form and any lesser normal forms.

The second normal form, for example, necessitates that a data model meet the requirements for both the first and second normal forms. No matter what your problem domain, you will want to normalize your data model at least to the third normal form.

Deeper normal forms represent specific data modeling issues that do not apply to most data models.

Most data models in the third normal form are therefore already in the fifth normal form. If you have a very complex system, you should go ahead and verify that it is in at least the fourth normal form.

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Formally normalizing your data model to the fifth normal form should be left for very specific problem domains. I will dive into the details of each of these normal forms later in the chapter.

Very complex systems should be normalized to the fourth normal form. The rule for DKNF is that every logical restriction on attribute values results from the definition of keys and domains. In theory, a table in DKNF cannot contain anomalies.

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Before Normalization Before you begin the process of normalization, you should already have a logical ERD describing your problem domain. This logical ERD should describe all of the entities that make up the problem domain, their major attributes, and their relationships.

For the purposes of this section, I will be referring to a data model to support a web site for film fans. It specifically stores information about films and enables people to browse the films in the database based on that information.

Figure shows the data model before normalization. This book will immensely help you to improve your application's database performance.

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You can download this book as PDF and read offline. You can also check their website for more database performance tips.

I strongly recommend every developer to read this book because SQL is an essential part of programming career and knowledge you will gain by reading this book will serve you for a long time. It covers performing transaction log backup and restore monitoring and managing log growth, including quick diagnosis of the causes of rapid growth, and optimizing log architecture to maximize log throughput and availability.

Once again big thanks to Red Gate for providing these quality books for free. It's a multi-part course but quite good from the admin perspective.

Unlike most of the eBooks which are either older or not relevant, this book is both latest and relevant because it covers Microsoft SQL Server There are many new improvements have been made to SQL Server , but the book covers only essential ones, hence its size is just right for casual reading.

This choice still left Java developers worrying about version and platform compatibility issues i. Some vendors still do their new development in their native clients first.

Type 3 drivers had a Java client component and a Java server component, where the latter actually talked to the database. This architecture encapsulates the entirety of the JDBC API implementation along with all the logic for communicating directly with the database in a single driver.

TYPE 5: New! Getting down to the real functional differences, we see this list as the requirements for Type 5 Drivers as follows: Codeless Configuration The ability to modify options, check statistics and interact with the driver while it is running.

Performance Architecture Drivers specifically designed for multi-core, 64 bit, and virtualized environments. Clean Spec Implementation Strict adherence to the JDBC standard, solving problems within the specification instead of using proprietary methods that promote vendor lock-in. Advanced Functionality Type 5 drivers unlock code that has been trapped in the vendor native client libraries and bring that into the Java community.

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Section 4 Performance Considerations Pooling Object Re-use Pooling objects results in significant performance savings.These real world things are called entities. The film database in 4NF Spending time normalizing to the fourth normal form is useful only for data models that have a lot of complex join tables.

The purpose of this attribute is to capture the name of the person who initially reviewed the film for the site. For one thing, searching for films by a specific production company is difficult.

In other contexts, however, it may refer to the software that supports that collection, a process instance of the software, or even the server machine on which the process is running.

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I do like reading comics adventurously. Feel free to read my other articles. One of my extra-curricular activities is mountainboarding.